Middle M/J Grade 8 PreAlgebra

Number of Credits
1

Estimated Completion Time
2 Semesters
Description
Read, set, go! Grade 8 PreAlgebra is all about training to run the race of high school math. Students will strengthen their skills in topics like linear relationships, functions, and equations, and learn new skills that prepare them for Algebra 1. This course is designed with interactive learning and realworld activities to strengthen students’ math muscles for the race ahead.
Instructional time for Grade 8 Mathematics: PreAlgebra will emphasize six areas:
 representing numbers in scientific notation and extending the set of numbers to the system of real numbers, which includes irrational numbers
 generate equivalent numeric and algebraic expressions including using the Laws of Exponents
 creating and reasoning about linear relationships including modeling an association in bivariate data with a linear equation
 solving linear equations, inequalities, and systems of linear equations
 developing an understanding of the concept of a function
 analyzing twodimensional figures, particularly triangles, using distance, angle, and applying the Pythagorean Theorem
Access the site link below to view the standards from the Florida Department of Education:
Segment 1
 Define irrational numbers within the real number system and locate an approximate value of a numerical expression involving irrational numbers on a number line
 Plot, order, and compare rational and irrational numbers, represented in various forms
 Apply the Laws of Exponents to evaluate numerical expressions and generate equivalent numerical expressions, limited to integer exponents and rational number bases, with procedural fluency
 Solve multistep problems involving the order of operations with rational numbers including exponents and radicals
 Express numbers in scientific notation to represent and approximate very large or very small quantities
 Add, subtract, multiply, and divide numbers expressed in scientific notation with procedural fluency
 Solve problems involving operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation
 Apply the Laws of Exponents to generate equivalent algebraic expressions, limited to integer exponents and monomial bases
 Apply properties of operations to multiply two linear expressions with rational coefficients
 Rewrite the sum of two algebraic expressions having a common monomial factor as a common factor multiplied by the sum of two algebraic expressions
 Solve multistep linear equations in one variable, with rational number coefficients, including equations with variables on both sides
 Determine the real solutions given an equation in the form of x² = p and x³ = q, where p is a whole number and q is an integer
 Solve twostep linear inequalities in one variable and represent solutions algebraically and graphically
 Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to solve problems involving unknown side lengths in right triangles
 Use the Triangle Inequality Theorem to determine if a triangle can be formed from a given set of sides
 Use the Pythagorean Theorem to determine if a right triangle can be formed from a given set of sides
 Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to solve problems involving the distance between two points in a coordinate plane
 Solve problems involving the relationships between supplementary, complementary, vertical, or adjacent angles
 Solve problems involving the relationships of interior and exterior angles of a triangle
 Develop and use formulas for the sums of the interior angles of regular polygons by decomposing them into triangles
Segment 2
 Determine if a linear relationship is also a proportional relationship
 Determine slope given a table, graph, or written description of a linear relationship
 Write an equation in slopeintercept form given a table, graph, or written description of a linear relationship
 Determine and interpret the slope and yintercept of a twovariable linear equation from a written description, a table, a graph, or an equation in slopeintercept form
 Graph a twovariable linear equation from a written description, a table, or an equation in slopeintercept form
 Given a system of two linear equations and a specified set of possible solutions, determine which ordered pairs satisfy the system of linear equations
 Given a system of two linear equations represented graphically on the same coordinate plane, determine whether there is one solution, no solution, or infinitely many solutions
 Solve systems of two linear equations by graphing
 Given a set of ordered pairs, a table, a graph, or a mapping diagram, determine whether the relationship is a function.
 Identify the domain and range of the relation
 Analyze a written description or graphical representation of a functional relationship between two quantities and identify where the function is increasing, decreasing or constant
 Determine whether a function is a linear function given a graph, equation, or inputoutput table
 Construct a scatter plot or a line graph as appropriate for the context given a set of realworld bivariate numerical data
 Describe patterns of association given a scatter plot within a realworld context
 Informally fit a straight line given a scatter plot with a linear association
 Determine the sample space for a repeated experiment
 Find the theoretical probability of an event related to a repeated experiment
 Solve problems involving probabilities related to single or repeated experiments, including making predictions based on theoretical probability
 Given a preimage and image generated by a single transformation, identify the transformation that describes the relationship
 Describe and apply the effect of a single transformation on twodimensional figures using coordinates and the coordinate plane
 Given a preimage and image generated by a single dilation, identify the scale factor that describes the relationship
 Solve problems involving proportional relationships between similar triangles
Besides engaging students in challenging curriculum, the course guides students to reflect on their learning and evaluate their progress through a variety of assessments. Assessments can be in the form of practice lessons, multiple choice questions, writing assignments, projects, research papers, oral assessments, and discussions. This course will use the stateapproved grading scale. Each course contains a mandatory final exam or culminating project that will be weighted at 20% of the student’s overall grade.***
***Proctored exams can be requested by FLVS at any time and for any reason in an effort to ensure academic integrity. When taking the exam to assess a student’s integrity, the exam must be passed with at least a 59.5% in order to earn credit for the course.
Courses subject to availability.
Pursuant to s. 1002.20, F.S.; A public school student whose parent makes written request to the school principal shall be exempted from the teaching of reproductive health or any disease, including HIV/AIDS, in accordance with the provisions of s. 1003.42(3). Learn more about the process and which courses contain subject matter where an exemption request can be made.